It's possible I may have been drinking on Christmas Eve. While holding forth on movies, I was challenged to back up my claim that there are 20 really great classic films from the 70s or possibly that there were 20 totally seminal films, or 20 really interesting films that cast light on what this whole cinema thing was about. So I went home, had Christmas, and some days later, having forgotten the exact criteria but knowing the number (20) I sat down with Wikipedia's List of Films released in the 1970s and made a long list of great, classic, interesting and other films that amused me to add to the list. I then had a quick glance down spotting actors and directors that immediately sprung to mind.
I first noticed that I didn't have any women in my directors and actors of the 70s, which is partially the 70s fault, but mostly mine. Barring time travel, the 70s can't put that right, but I can in a later post. However I straight away had two directors I had things to say about even if they're both men.
So what did Mel Brooks do in the 70s? He made some spoofs of venerable film genres, Blazing Saddles (Westerns) and Young Frankenstein (Old Monster movies) and two less famous Silent Movie (Silent Movies) and High Anxiety (Suspense Thrillers of the type Hitchcock was a master of). Apart from being pretty funny, what else ties these together? Part of it is the films' explicit knowledge that they are films and, as well as being spoofs, are still part of the tradition of these genres. In Blazing Saddles in particular, there is the awareness that it's being made 1974 and the implicit racism of the Western should be noted, in part because the consequences are still being played out in America. This, of course, is what gives the jokes their bite.
So my first film from the 70s: Blazing Saddles. Mel Brooks continued to make spoofs and continued to hit and miss with them. Spoofs are being made even now, most notably by Jason Friedberg and Aaron Seltzer. The comparison is not flattering for either Brooks or Friedberg and Seltzer. However as Blazing Saddles etc. were clear inspirations for later if worse attempts, I'm going to call that innovative comedy with a lasting effect on cinema, along with being a self aware commentary on an existing genre.
Back in 1970 there was another film that used comedy to satirise current events; MASH, set in a Korean War Army hospital that tapped into the growing American ambivalence to the war in Vietnam. It's director, Robert Altman, went on to develop a distinctive style which included:
- following the stories of several characters;
- naturalistic dialogue with characters talking over each other;
- not spelling out all the details requiring the audience to firstly pay attention and then infer things that were not seen or described ;
- allowing actors to improvise widely, which attracted many notable actors to his productions.
Nashville (1975), set in the country music capital over several days, following various people involved in the country and gospel music business(es) from naive wannabes new in town, through up and coming stars, to old stars and to a beloved singer recovering from a burn accident, mixed in with fans, a British documentary maker and a political organiser for a third party candidate for the 1976 Presidential election. Wikipedia lists 25 characters, which just might be too many; Altman somehow keeps the film together throughout the craziness that ensues as all these people interact deliberately or accidentally. Every one of them has their moment and story and the finale combines tragedy, triumph, violence and gospel music that feels satisfying even though we leave most of the characters dangling. A unique film in which the actors mostly wrote their own songs; in fact Keith Carradine won the Oscar for Best Song.
Altman continued making films until he died in 2006; notable from his later career was Gosford Park, the inspiration for Downton Abbey.
Two down, eighteen to go. What comes next? Does Shaft make the top 20? Or Starcrash? Were there any female directors in the 1970s? Answers soon, when I've written them!